The drug that turns ISIS into ‘unforgiving killing machines’

fighters have been utilizing a known as Captagon, dubbed “chemical braveness,” to remain alert in battle.

So what’s the substance and what impact does it have on customers? Right here’s what it’s essential to know…

What’s Captagon?

Captagon is a psychostimulant which is manufactured from a mix of amphetamine and theophylline.

It is only one model identify of a bunch of medication often known as Fenethylline.

The drug got here into the mainstream in 1961 and was used for round 25 years as a milder various to amphetamines.

It was used to deal with youngsters with ADHD and, much less generally, for narcolepsy and melancholy.

Not like amphetamines, Captagon doesn’t enhance the affected person’s blood strain – that means it might be used to deal with these with cardiovascular circumstances.

Nonetheless, it’s extremely addictive – and have become unlawful in most international locations in 1986.

What impact does Captagon have?

Captagon capsules and a cup of cocaine are proven on the workplace of Lebanon’s Anti-Narcotics Division in Beirut.AFP/Getty Photographs

Captagon retains customers awake for lengthy intervals of time.

It additionally makes customers really feel energetic and completely happy – which is why it has been dubbed “chemical braveness.”

Lebanese psychiatrist Ramzi Haddad instructed the Guardian the drug produces “a sort of euphoria – you’re talkative, you don’t sleep, you don’t eat, you’re energetic.”

Is Captagon nonetheless out there illegally?

Captagon tablets are incinerated in Sanaa, Yemen.AFP/Getty Photographs

You’d wrestle to get your palms on it within the US however Captagon is a well-liked leisure drug within the Center East.

It’s made cheaply, with a avenue worth of between $5 and $19, in international locations together with Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and Syria. Faux variations of the drug are additionally extensively out there.

In October 2015, Prince Abdel Mohsen Bin Walid Bin Abdulaziz, of Saudi Arabia and 4 others had been arrested in Beirut on suspicion of drug trafficking.

Two tons of Captagon capsules and a few cocaine had been allegedly discovered aboard a non-public jet scheduled to fly to the Saudi capital of Riyadh.

How is Captagon being utilized in Syria?

Syrian police seize Captagon capsules in Damascus.AFP/Getty Photographs

Dependancy to Captagon is rife throughout the ranks of ISIS in Syria, in accordance with a probe into the “jihadi drug” by the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society.

Suicide bombers, like Manchester terrorist Salman Abedi, are mentioned to be pumped full of medication earlier than they’re despatched on a mission, giving them pink eyes and a particular look of confusion.

The drug the terrorists into “unforgiving machines,” Arab Information experiences.

The medication usually depart extremists affected by a crippling habit, additional boosting their reliance on their merciless jihadi masters.

In response to experiences, a rising variety of demoralized Syrian residents have additionally resorted to taking the drug.

A large cargo of the drug was seized in France for the primary time earlier this 12 months, sparking fears that ISIS might be forming Mafia-style organized crime gangs within the nation.

Some 350,000 tablets of the amphetamine-based Captagon had been first discovered at Charles de Gaulle on January four.

On February 22, an extra 300,000 had been discovered – making a complete of 297 kilos of Captagon with a avenue worth of $1.eight million.

In each instances, the medication had been hidden inside industrial metal moldings destined for Saudi Arabia, by way of the Czech Republic and Turkey.

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